Many admissions officers consider “leadership” when they evaluate applicants to their colleges and universities. We added the quotes to leadership to reflect the vast amount of definitions that exist for leadership. It’s important for students to recognize that leadership can be manifested in many different ways; otherwise, the term can be daunting.
We also don’t want students to believe that leadership is an innate quality. Often, introverts are afraid to lead because they’re intimidated by the extroverts or most popular students at their school. Sometimes, introverts don’t get enough encouragement at home to pursue leadership opportunities.
Everyone has the potential to be a leader. Here’s a simple example: the CEO of a company may lead with a lot of panache while the COO leads by getting things done. Both can be fantastic leaders, who depend on each other to succeed. Often, the CEO and COO’s skillsets complement each other. If your teen is an introvert, you can encourage him or her to be a quieter leader.
The photo above includes famous leaders, but only MLK and Susan B. Anthony were extroverts.
We have included excerpts below from an article we found on the U.C. Berkeley admissions website. It illustrates the many ways that one highly regarded school thinks about leadership, and illustrates how students can bolster their leadership credentials when they are completing their college applications. The excerpts include our additions and highlights in bold italics.
Berkeley students show initiative and leadership in many ways: founding clubs, contributing to the community, speaking out about political and social issues, and challenging their peers to do better. They ask questions. They persist. They make this campus their own.
Demonstrated leadership is a characteristic Admissions looks for because they want to see leadership in college. There are many other aspects of the application that are important … but leadership is a key aspect of being a Berkeley student and an important way to contribute to the campus. Yet, leadership is not a section listed within the application, nor is there a specific way we ask for you to list or explain leadership.
So, how do you show leadership within your application?
Here is a list of some of the many ways we define and view leadership within your application. The important thing to remember is that when you list academics, activities, awards, and employment; when you include additional Comments; or when you answer your Personal Insight questions, consider how you may have demonstrated an aspect of leadership, initiative, tenacity, or persistence. Be sure to include those points in your answers.
Many applicants spend time taking care of their siblings, parents, or children. Maybe you are a high school student who watches your younger brother and sister after school before your parents get home from work. Maybe you are a transfer applicant who cares for an elderly parent or grandparent. Maybe you work outside of school to help support your family. These are all ways in which you can show persistence and leadership, depending on your circumstances. How can you make the most of these situations? What can you accomplish as a leader?
Berkeley students are more than their test scores. We view grades and test scores in a holistic way; that is, we view them in the context of the applicant’s academic and personal circumstances and the overall strength of the Berkeley applicant pool.
Sometimes, applicants have circumstances that lead to a drop in grades: death or illness of a close family member; personal illness or injury; a major setback in the family’s housing or financial situation. Sometimes applicants are challenged in certain academic subjects.
It’s important for us to know about these situations, and, most critically, about how you dealt with the challenges. Hiring a tutor, dropping an activity to be able to keep up with coursework, repeating a class in the summer, seeking counseling — all of these are ways you might demonstrate maturity, initiative, and other leader-like qualities.
We realize our applicants are competitive and do not always care to share failures or less-than-stellar achievements. Some applicants may find sharing personal details, especially about illness, as needing “special help,” or perhaps even as a cultural taboo.
Keep in mind that this information remains confidential. Also, when you provide this kind of context, you give us the opportunity to evaluate your application within the merits of your particular circumstances. Remember, too, that we do not look for reasons to “take away” or “deduct” from an application; we are looking for ways to build a case for selection.
You don’t need to be the captain of the football team or class president. Think about your role in various aspects of your life: activities, hobbies, passions, employment, or volunteering. In what ways did you demonstrate that you’re a leader? How do these achievements figure into your academic and college goals?
Did you lead a study group? Were you the first person in your family, school, or community to earn a certain achievement? Did you get promoted to head cashier at your after-school job? Did you start a book club (which relates to your desire to major in English), teach yourself to cook (which gave you an interest in nutrition), or figure out how to repair the family computer (which coincides with your goal to study computer science)? Did you bring other students into your activities? How you explain your involvement can demonstrate that you’re a leader.
Be sure to show us persistence, too. This means we want to see that you participated in an activity (or activities) for a certain amount of time. List on your application that you played clarinet in the school band each year in high school, or that you led your child’s Girl Scout troop for several years. Great leaders are usually persistent.
Where in the application can you record these kinds of details?
- Be specific when you list your achievements. Be complete in your coursework reporting. Give short descriptions when you list activities to explain an activity and your role and/or achievements.
- Personal Insight Questions. Follow the instructions for the Personal Insight questions; be thoughtful about your answers. Tell us about your unique situation and how you can contribute to the UC Berkeley community.
- Additional Comments boxes. There are two Additional Comments boxes, one under “Academics” and one at the end of the Personal Insight questions section. Use these to answer anything that you have not already shared in other parts of the application.